Japan (日本) renounced its right to declare war in the aftermath of the Second World War, but nevertheless maintains a sizeable and well-trained armed force. The Japanese Self-Defense Forces (自衛隊 or Jieitai), established in 1954, consist of the Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF), Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) and Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF). Since 1992, the National Diet has permitted the JSDF to participate in international peacekeeping efforts around the world of a non-combatant nature. These efforts have included limited involvement in Iraq, Haiti, and Somalia.
Camouflage uniforms were not commonly worn by members of the JSDF until approximately 1991. Prior to this only individual units such as the Airborne Rangers were issued camouflage.